Protecting your eyesight is one of the most important things you can do to help maintain your quality of life. So, do you know how to keep your eyes healthy and protect your eyesight? Childhood and adolescence are important periods of the vision development, and they are also prone to myopia at that time. As a parent, are you worried that your child will be short-sighted? So having healthy eyes is very important, and this requires our efforts. Here are some tips for protecting eye health.
Reduce the time of using electronic products
In addition to ensuring enough outdoor exercise every day, you can use mobile phones and IPAD appropriately, but the time should not exceed 120 minutes. At the same time, use the internationally accepted 20-20-20 principle to give your eyes a rest. Every 20 minutes, take your eyes off of your screen and look at something 20 feet away for at least 20 seconds.
Electronic products do not directly cause myopia. But using eyes at a close distance for a long time will cause abnormal adjustment function, making the "eye muscles" tired or even cramping. At the same time, staring at the electronic screen for a long time, the lack of blinking will also lead to a decrease in tear secretion, causing dry eyes and other symptoms.
Correct reading and writing posture
Because the closer distance people look, the more adjustment the human eye has to use. The lens and ciliary muscles in the human eye are like a set of springs, which are responsible for the adjustment of the eyes when they look far and near. If the spring is tight all the time, the elasticity of the spring will be destroyed over time, and eye problems will occur.
However, children will always lower their heads unconsciously when they are reading and writing. So, it is recommended to use a reading table and chair that is more comfortable and has posture correction functions. At the same time, taking a break every once in a while is also a good way.
Maintain a good environment to use eyes
Learning is to have sufficient light. Don't read a book or look at your mobile phone in the dark, but don't read in the sun. Looking at the phone while walking not only affects the eyes but is also very dangerous. Inappropriate light and reading methods can easily cause visual fatigue. Before going to bed, some children will hide in the bed and read a book or look at their mobile phones, which is very harmful to their eyes. Because when the surrounding environment is dark, the pupils of a person will be enlarged, which not only easily causes visual fatigue, but also makes the harmful blue light (shortwave blue light) in the mobile phone enter the eyes more and cause harm.
Outdoor activities for 2 hours a day
A number of studies have shown that appropriate outdoor sunlight exposure can stimulate the secretion of dopamine in the retina, which is essential for preventing myopia. So, experts recommend having outdoor activities for 2 hours a day. At the same time, you should also pay attention to sun protection when participating in outdoor activities to prevent ultraviolet rays from harming your eyes.
What needs to be pointed out here is that outdoor sports have a certain effect on the prevention of myopia, but it has little effect on children who are already myopia. However, some outdoor sports can help children relax their eyes and make children healthier that is of positive significance to prevent further deepening of myopia.
Have an eye examination regularly
Premature babies, children with a family history of strabismus or high myopia, and children with any abnormal eye appearance or visual performance should do the vision screening before the age of one. If there is no such situation, it is also necessary to have at least one or two vision examinations every year after the age of 3 to establish an eye health file for the child.
In daily life, once you find that your child has bad visual habits, such as squinting, moving forward, etc., you should go to a professional institution for detailed inspection as soon as possible. Children who have already worn glasses need to go to a professional institution to adjust the glasses every three to six months to ensure that the angle of the glasses is correct and comfortable. At the same time, the vision review is carried out to understand the changes in vision.
Optometry experts have confirmed that if a child with myopia wears low-power glasses (commonly known as under correction), it is likely to cause myopia to deepen more quickly. This is why it is necessary to check the vision regularly. It is suggested that parents can post a visual acuity chart at home, and let their children check the corrected vision every weekend. If it does not reach the standard value, it should go to a professional institution for inspection.
Eat a reasonable diet and get enough sleep
A balanced diet can ensure comprehensive nutrition. Adequate sleep makes the body less fatigued. Eat fewer sweets and carbonated drinks, and eat more vegetables, fruits, and grains. Work and rest regularly, and maintain adequate sleep.
Don't rub your eyes with your hands
There are a lot of bacteria on your hands. Do not rub your eyes with your hands to avoid infection of bacteria and eye diseases. Many children like to swim in summer. It is recommended to wear swimming goggles for children to avoid eye infections. If you have eye discomfort, you should take symptomatic medication under the advice of your doctor. Do not use eye drops easily, because some eye drops contain ingredients that are harmful to the human body. It is recommended that you take symptomatic medications under the advice of a doctor after a doctor's diagnosis.
Find and correct myopia in time
When the child has symptoms of poor vision, he should go to a formal institution for an eye examination by the ophthalmologist or optometrist. After the diagnosis of myopia, a safe and effective method must be selected to correct vision, and try to slow down the degree to deepen.
Nowadays, not only the incidence of myopia in young people is high, but also the degree of myopia is relatively deep. This has a certain relationship with parents discovering late, late correction, and unscientific correction methods. Therefore, children and parents should learn more about relevant popular science knowledge. For more information, please continue to follow KoalaEye Blog. Also, it is welcome to share and forward to Facebook and Twitter.