What Are Bifocal Glasses?
Vision changes seem to be related to age. Presbyopia occurs in the middle age of one person, affecting your eye’s ability to focus. But it can be caused by bifocal glasses.
Bifocal glasses are divided into two parts to accommodate two different prescriptions in one lens. One area of the lens will have one prescription (usually distance) and a segment in the lower half will have the other (usually near vision).
Bifocal glasses were invented by Benjamin Franklin, who solved his own vision problem by taking the lens from his reading glasses and distance glasses and cutting them in half. Then remade the cut lenses into a single pair of bifocals and put the distance lens on top and the reading lens on the bottom.
However, the bifocal glasses come with some problems. So, in the following section, we will show you some common bifocal glasses problems.
How do bifocal reading glasses work?
Bifocal reading glasses have two different lenses on the same lens. The top of the lens is your normal distance prescription, while the bottom is for close-up viewings, like reading. The two lenses allow you to alternate between them by moving your eyes up and down as needed. A bifocal lens is a type of lens that has two different areas of vision: one for close range and one for long-range. Typically, the upper section covers remote vision and the lower section covers reading. With a traditional bifocal lens, you can see the difference between the two lenses because the lower curve is a little different.
What Do Trifocal Lenses Do?
Trifocal glasses can provide correction for some eye conditions including presbyopia and cataracts. Presbyopia often occurs in people who are between the age of 40 and 60. People’s eyesight starts to deteriorate and they are unable to focus at near. Wearing trifocal glasses can help correct blurred vision, eye strain, and headaches. The trifocal intraocular lens placed during cataract surgery can also resolve cataracts.
From above, you have learned some information about trifocal lenses. But what are the pros and cons of trifocal lenses? So, in the following section, we will focus on the advantages and disadvantages of trifocal glasses.
The function of eyeglasses cloth
Under a powerful microscope, the fibers of the cloth are more closely arranged than those of ordinary cloth, and the material itself is softer than ordinary cloth. That's because eyeglasses under the eye are almost always coated, with each standard lens having seven layers of different functions on the front and back surfaces, to extend lens life. It can thoroughly remove the stubborn stains left on the lens to make the picture clear. It can clean all kinds of glass, resin, and other materials of glasses, glass mirrors, and other mirror surfaces, remove stains, and grease absorption.
How to protect rimless glasses?
With the continuous improvement of people's living standards, many people begin to pay attention to their quality of life. In the past, many people thought that wearing glasses was for correcting eyesight glasses, but now more and more people use them for decoration, and rimless glasses meet the needs of consumers. Because of its light structure, giving people a sense of fashion, so it is loved by many business people. So how do you protect your rimless glasses?
How to maintain a hard-coated lens?
The hard-coated resin lenses can be identified by the sound of the tabletop tapping and the color brightness of the lenses. The lenses, which sound clear and have bright edges, are hardened. In daily use, avoid overheating environment. Avoid contacting with alkaline liquid, so as not to cause damage to the lens. And this damage is usually not formed in an instant.
Long-term use, sun exposure, and so on may make the coating slowly fall off. If the production of hard film technology is worse, the film is easier to fall off. When cleaning and adding a hard-coated lens, clean the particles on the front and rear surfaces of the lens with clean water first, and then blot dry with a clean soft cloth. Do not wipe the surface when the lens is dry.
The design evolution of progressive lenses
Spherical and aspheric designs
The design of the front surface of the far-use area of the early progressive lens is similar to that of the ordinary spherical single vision lenses, so it is called a spherical progressive lens. Since 1974, the front surface of the far-use region of the lens is designed to be aspheric by designers, which not only reduces the peripheral aberration but makes the lens thinner, lighter, and less powerful.
Hard and soft design
For hard design, the channel is short, and the gradient is large. The near-use area position is high. The effective visual area of remote and near-use areas was larger. Peripheral astigmatism is relatively concentrated. Because surrounding astigmatism increases rapidly and the distribution is dense, the curve effect is more obvious. The gradient area is narrow. It is more difficult and takes longer for wearers to adapt.
Lenses with soft designs have slower gradients, longer gradients, and wider gradients. The angle of rotation of the eye from the far area to the near area is greater. It's easier to get used to. Compared with the hard design, the effective visual area of the far and near use areas is smaller, and the location of the near use area is lower.
Single, diverse, and individualized design
Initially, the progressive lenses used a single design, in which each basic curve was scaled equally and a luminosity combination was added within the range of its semi-finished lens blanks. The steepest base curve uses the same lens design as the flattest base curve. Lenses designers quickly realized that the overall performance of the lens could be improved by microcustomizing the lens design, leading to progressive lenses with multiple designs. This kind of design is called diverse design. By the mid-1990s, there was the emergence of individualized lens designs. In addition to using different gradients, these first individualized lens designs used steeper baseline curves with a slightly larger approach area to compensate for increased magnification and reduced field of view.
Symmetrical and asymmetric design
There is no difference between the left and right eyes in the symmetrical design of progressive lenses. As the eyes turn inward when they see near objects, the gradual gradient area gradually tilts to the nasal side from top to bottom, so the left/right progressive lenses should be rotated clockwise/counterclockwise respectively during processing. An asymptotic lens with left and right eye divisions is called an asymmetric design. The gradient is gradually and moderately inclined to the nasal side from top to bottom. The refractive force, astigmatism, and vertical prism of the two sides of the left and right gradient of the asymmetric design lenses are basically similar. At the same time, considering the characteristics of eye movement parameters in binocular vision, the peripheral aberrations of the corresponding positions of the left and right lenses were appropriately balanced to improve the visual effect of the wearer.