What are bifocals?
A bifocal lens is a lens with two focal points. Because of the imaging principle of the lens, even half of the lens can still present a complete image, and the two images do not interfere with each other. In the past, both short-sighted glasses and presbyopia glasses were called single-focal lenses, which had only one focus. Later it developed to the bifocal lens, and the same lens is divided into upper and lower two parts. The upper part of that lens is used when seeing far, and you look down when seeing close objects, just the reading distance, naturally used the second half.
The benefits of bifocal glasses
People with myopia often need to wear bifocal glasses after the appearance of presbyopia. The upper and lower parts of the lens have different diopters. The upper part is used to see distant objects, and the lower part is used to read and do close work. In addition to presbyopia, some people who work long hours in close quarters need bifocals to reduce eye strain. Studies have shown that long-term nearsightedness is the main cause of myopia. According to the adjustment principle of the eyeball and the height of the patient diopter, a reasonable measure is to wear myopia glasses with full correction when seeing the blackboard in class. When reading and writing. they should take off glasses or wear low myopia glasses. But the practice of continuously removing and putting on or changing glasses is clearly unrealistic. Bifocal glasses will solve this problem.
Disadvantages of bifocal glasses
The disadvantage of bifocal glasses is that the different areas are clearly spaced and the appearance is not beautiful. The medium distance is fuzzy, and the adaptation period is needed, there is a prismatic jumping phenomenon. The focal distance between the upper and lower lenses is different, with a clear dividing line. The main disadvantage is that when the line of sight moves from far to near, there will be interference like jumping, and the middle distance object image is blurred. Students can adapt to sitting still in a class by wearing bifocal glasses, but they can only wear glasses when they are in class or studying because of the inconvenience and even danger caused by the interruption of the glasses.
What difference do mono-focal glasses and multi-focal glasses have?
A mono-focal lens is a lens with one focal point. Usually, the myopic far-sighted presbyopia that we see belongs to mono-focal glasses. There is only one diopter on one lens, and this is the single focal point. Multi-focal glasses are lenses that have multiple focal points, that is, multiple diopters. Both mono-focal glasses and multi-focal glasses are visual correction tools, but mono-focal glasses can meet basic vision needs, like fatigue relief, control of depth of diopters, and focus on different distances such as the need to see far and near.But because there are many different diopters on a multi-focal glasses lens, so the elderly can not only see far after wearing. When they see close distance, they do not need to take off glasses or wear reading glasses. Wearing multi-focal glasses is not easy to fatigue.