Design principle of aspheric lens
Early optical lenses use spherical lenses. Because the glasses were small round frames, the problem of lens edge aberration was not paid attention to. It wasn't until large frames became popular that the problem became apparent. For the spherical lenses, aberration cannot be corrected with the combined lens. Only a few variables of the lens can be found to reduce aberration and improve clarity. Aspheric lenses are designed to reduce the aberration of optical correction lenses and to make lenses flatter and reduce lens magnification. We can get clearer, thinner, lighter-quality lenses. Thus, aspheric lenses are used to reduce aberration and astigmatism to a minimum, close to the natural vision of the naked eye. The spherical aberration can be reduced by changing the curvature of the edge. The refraction in the central region is high and decreases evenly toward the edges.
Testing of aspheric lens
The optical axis of the optical center just overlaps with the visual axis of the eye, which is the most ideal state. Because the light from the edge cannot form a focus on the optical axis, when the optical axis does not overlap with the visual axis (the difference is greater than 2mm), such unclear and scattered imaging results will occur. When choosing frames and aspheric lenses, you need to ensure that they fit correctly, to achieve the best visual and decorative effects. Simply put, due to the special design of the lens, we found through a calculation that the optical center should move down 1mm higher than the pupil for every 2° increase in front inclination angle. Otherwise, the wrong pupil height will cause the lens to look like astigmatism, and cause discomfort. For glasses with aspheric lenses, there must be an inclination angle after wearing. The specific angle varies from person to person.
Advantages of aspheric lenses
In reality, aspheric lenses were originally born to improve the marginalized optical properties of spherical lenses. The aspheric lens with special coating treatment has perfect visual performance, with a clearer, more comfortable visual effect. You can hardly feel the presence of aspheric lenses when you put them on. So you can enjoy the ease brought by aspheric lenses. They are more natural and more realistic, having less visual distortion. The aspheric lens can be designed with a flatter base arc, which not only makes the appearance beautiful but reduces the peripheral magnification so that when others look at the eyes of the people who wear glasses, the size will not change much.